More hospitals, operating rooms, emergency rooms and other hospital areas are beginning to use disposable surgical instruments more often in the public and private sectors in order to reduce the spread of infections. The treatment plan for the patient determines the specific and highly specialized functions that surgeons perform with surgical instruments. Having a basic understanding about these surgical instruments will help to determine which one is best used for general surgical procedures. This understanding begins with classifying the procedures in a hospital surgery room.
Disposable surgical instruments are divided into five primary categories. A review of this list will help to identify cost-effective instruments for a medical facility. Disposable instruments will reduce and / or eliminate the spread of infections while also providing cost savings that do not come with using non-disposable instruments.
The categories of surgical instruments are:
1. Knives, scissors, chisels and scalpels are frequently referred to as sharps, and are used for cutting.
2. Retraction surgical instruments are used on skin and bone.
3. Forceps and hemostats are used for grasping, holding and occluding during surgery.
4. Instruments appropriate for probing and dilating enlarge or hold areas of the body open.
5. Draining devices are also used during many types of surgical procedures.
Medical facilities save on the cost of sterilization of non-disposable instruments when disposable surgical instruments are used. The overall surgical and operational costs are greatly reduced when facilities opt to use disposable instruments and supplies such as:
Blood transfusion set
Scalp vein type needles
Another way that savings on disposable surgical instruments are realized is through ordering multi-box supplies. For example, Becton Dickson is a leader in quality syringes and sells the disposable Luer Lok 309628 in quantities of 100 for $ 103.95. The average shelf life for these syringes is 1,825 days. Another example is the Medline Adson Thumb forceps, made of stainless steel and is sold in boxes of 12 for $ 13.65 each.
Keeping a large inventory of disposable instruments is something that the purchasing agent can do in order to maintain positive levels of instruments. This will ensure that the facility is adequately stocked with the needed supplies.